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Les Sociétés d'Aménagement Régional face à la rénovation du contrat aménagiste

Abstract : This thesis proposes a socio-geo-historical perspective on the current transformations of a leading agency in territory planning policies, the “Sociétés d'Aménagement Régional” (SAR), through case study analysis of a company called “Compagnie d'Aménagement des Coteaux de Gascogne” (CACG). These SAR are emblematic of the political project that aims to modernise French rurality. They are faced with the need for transformation, like spatial planning as a whole in the face of the polarisation of the social and political field caused by environmental and climatic problems. This work analyses the way in which an emblematic French territory planning agency identifies, experiments and deals with obstacles in the formalisation of a new role and a new way of proceeding in the management of water and the development of rural territories.In order to understand and signify this imperative transformation, as well as review its initial intentions, this work analyses the interdependencies between the production of knowledge, the incarnation and distribution of power, and the ways of governing space and its resources. These interdependencies, which we study by combining an approach in environmental geography and through the field of "Science, Technology and Society" (STS), are highlighted via three levels of analysis. The first concerns the waves of modernisation, understood as the informal deployment of certain forms of knowledge, political exercise and representation of space and its resources. In short, they are a resonance of society. The second concerns the re-transcription of these waves through the formalisation of a territory planning contract, which we understand as the negotiation by the political-administrative apparatus of a way of governing space and its resources. Finally, our third level of analysis concerns the organisation of the CACG. We then show the extent to which this structure and its ways of proceeding result from the arrangements of the different waves of modernisation and territory planning contracts into which it is inserted. Our analysis therefore reveals a misalignment between the wave of reflexive modernisation, the territory planning contract and the arrangement of the role of the CACG, which leads to the structuring and occurrence of conflicts. The maintenance of the paradigm of the abundance of water and its ways of proceeding in spite of the rise in legitimacy of environmental problems and the new underlying social and political considerations shows us that the CACG, like the techno administration, has not been reflexive in the face of the conflictual nature of the development of this resource. Based on this postulate, our thesis analyses the efforts of the CACG to reconfigure its role and ways of proceeding in water management and development of rural territories. From the level of the organisation to that of its experiments, the arrangement of this process in terms of knowledge, powers and considerations regarding the new practices to be developed tells us a lot about the obstacles of this type of structure in transforming itself, in order to put the social, political and territorial question at the centre of its role as a SAR. Indeed, the CACG's effort to internalise the contextual transformations of territory planning shows an understanding, with the help of the social sciences, of the new considerations specific to planning in times of ecological modernity. Nevertheless, the initial goals had to be revised. The professional interlocks within the organisation, as well as the political interlocks specific to the current considerations of techno administration in terms of water management and the development of rural territories have forced the CACG to revise its desire to become the “Entreprise des Territoires”, that is, to reconsider its objective of reconfiguring its role as an agent and actor.
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https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03653093
Contributor : Romain Carrausse Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 12:55:55 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 9:31:11 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, July 29, 2022 - 9:11:42 AM

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Romain Carrausse. Les Sociétés d'Aménagement Régional face à la rénovation du contrat aménagiste. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, UMR 5319 PASSAGES, Domaine universitaire, Institut Claude Laugénie, 64000 Pau, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03653093⟩

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