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La variation socio-phonétique des vibrantes de Soule

Abstract : This contribution shows the variation of the pronunciation of the /r/ in Zuberotar, an Eastern dialect of the Basque language. The pronunciation of this consonant is changing and depends on different social factors. There are two consonants: alveolar tap /ɾ/ and alveolar trill /r/. While the first consonant can be pronounced or can disappear between vowels (hari vs hai 'wire'), the second one can be pronounced as a vibrant or trill (/r/) or as a fricative uvular (/ʀ/). Therefore, people who speak this dialect have different options: no pronunciation of the consonant, pronunciation as alveolar tap, as an alveolar trill or as an uvular. These options depend on social factors surrounding the speaker or on the features of the words such as its origin and the adaptation into dialect structure. For instance, in the word euro, which is borrowed from French «r» is always pronounced Data for the research was recorded during interviews led by a questionnaire. The participants were asked to produce the same sentences. They were selected according to the age (young / adults / older), sex (male and female), native or familiar tongue (Basque vs. French), language used in professional context and if they lived abroad for more than 4 months... Data have been analyzed linguistically and statistically using PRAAT and SPSS software. In this way, the results will supply the reader with the direction of the variation of this consonant in Zuberotar.
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 13, 2020 - 12:23:08 PM
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Xantiana Etchebest. La variation socio-phonétique des vibrantes de Soule. Linguistique. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), FRA., 2017. Français. ⟨tel-02867090⟩

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