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Journal Articles Microbiological Research Year : 2023

New insights into microbial community coalescence in the land-sea continuum

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Abstract

The land-sea continuum constitutes a mixing zone where soil microbial communities encounter, via runoff, those inhabiting marine coastal sediment resulting in community coalescence. Here, we propose an experimental approach, mimicking the land-sea continuum, to study the microbial community coalescence events in different situations, by 16S and 18S rRNA genes metabarcoding. The microbial community structure of sediment diverged with the soil inputs. For prokaryotes, phylogenetic enrichment and amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) replacements characterized the community changes in sediment receiving soil inputs. For fungi, despite phylogenetic enrichment was not observed, the fungal ASVs richness was maintained by soil inputs. Comparison of microbial communities revealed ASVs specific to sediment receiving soil inputs, and also ASVs shared with soil and/or runoff. Among these specific ASVs, four bacterial and one fungal ASVs were identified as indicators of coalescence. Our study provides evidences that coalescence involves the mixing of microorganisms and of the environment.
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Dates and versions

hal-03884564 , version 1 (05-12-2022)

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Elise Châtillon, Robert Duran, François Rigal, Christine Cagnon, Aurélie Cébron, et al.. New insights into microbial community coalescence in the land-sea continuum. Microbiological Research, 2023, 267, pp.127259. ⟨10.1016/j.micres.2022.127259⟩. ⟨hal-03884564⟩
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