Effect of Cellulose Nanofibers’ Structure and Incorporation Route in Waterborne Polyurethane–Urea Based Nanocomposite Inks - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Polymers Year : 2022

Effect of Cellulose Nanofibers’ Structure and Incorporation Route in Waterborne Polyurethane–Urea Based Nanocomposite Inks

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1
Izaskun Larraza
  • Function : Author
Tamara Calvo-Correas
Alvaro Tejado
Loli Martin
Aitor Arbelaiz
  • Function : Correspondent author
  • PersonId : 1064683

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Arantxa Eceiza
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Abstract

In order to continue the development of inks valid for cold extrusion 3D printing, waterborne, polyurethane-urea (WBPUU) based inks with cellulose nanofibers (CNF), as a rheological modulator, were prepared by two incorporation methods, ex situ and in situ, in which the CNF were added after and during the synthesis process, respectively. Moreover, in order to improve the affinity of the reinforcement with the matrix, modified CNF was also employed. In the ex situ preparation, interactions between CNFs and water prevail over interactions between CNFs and WBPUU nanoparticles, resulting in strong gel-like structures. On the other hand, in situ addition allows the proximity of WBPUU particles and CNF, favoring interactions between both components and allowing the formation of chemical bonds. The fewer amount of CNF/water interactions present in the in situ formulations translates into weaker gel-like structures, with poorer rheological behavior for inks for 3D printing. Stronger gel-like behavior translated into 3D-printed parts with higher precision. However, the direct interactions present between the cellulose and the polyurethane-urea molecules in the in situ preparations, and more so in materials reinforced with carboxylated CNF, result in stronger mechanical properties of the final 3D parts.
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Dates and versions

hal-03879805 , version 1 (30-11-2022)

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Izaskun Larraza, Julen Vadillo, Tamara Calvo-Correas, Alvaro Tejado, Loli Martin, et al.. Effect of Cellulose Nanofibers’ Structure and Incorporation Route in Waterborne Polyurethane–Urea Based Nanocomposite Inks. Polymers, 2022, 14 (21), pp.4516. ⟨10.3390/polym14214516⟩. ⟨hal-03879805⟩
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