Chitosan-Boric Acid Scaffolds for Doxorubicin Delivery in the Osteosarcoma Treatment - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Polymers Year : 2022

Chitosan-Boric Acid Scaffolds for Doxorubicin Delivery in the Osteosarcoma Treatment

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Abstract

Biologically compatible chitosan-based scaffolds have been considered a promising platform for tissue regeneration, tumor treatment, and targeted drug delivery. Chitosan-based scaffolds can be utilized as pH-sensitive drug carriers with targeted drug delivery resulting in less invasive tumor treatments. Further improvement with bioactive ions, such as borate ions, can result in the dual functionality of chitosan carriers provided by simultaneous antitumor efficacy and tissue regeneration. Here, boric acid-containing crosslinked chitosan scaffolds were prepared as delivery systems of doxorubicin, a chemotherapy drug used in the treatment of osteosarcoma. The encapsulation of boric acid was indicated by FTIR spectroscopy, while the ICP-MS analysis indicated the rapid release of boron in phosphate buffer (pH 6.0) and phosphate-buffered saline solution (pH 7.4). The obtained chitosan-boric acid scaffolds exhibit a highly porous and interconnected structure responsible for high swelling capacity, while enzymatic degradation indicated good scaffolds stability during four weeks of incubation at pH 6.0 and 7.4. Furthermore, the release of doxorubicin investigated in phosphate buffers indicated lower doxorubicin concentrations at pH 7.4 with respect to pH 6.0. Finally, the cytotoxicity of prepared doxorubicin-encapsulated scaffolds was evaluated on human sarcoma cells indicating the scaffolds' potential as cytostatic agents.
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Dates and versions

hal-03879770 , version 1 (30-11-2022)

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Luka Dornjak, Marin Kovačić, Karla Ostojić, Ange Angaits, Joanna Szpunar, et al.. Chitosan-Boric Acid Scaffolds for Doxorubicin Delivery in the Osteosarcoma Treatment. Polymers, 2022, 14 (21), pp.4753. ⟨10.3390/polym14214753⟩. ⟨hal-03879770⟩
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