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Disentangling biogeographic and underlying assembly patterns of fungal communities in metalliferous mining and smelting soils

Abstract : Elucidating community assembly and their relevance to environmental variables are fundamental for understanding microbial diversity and functioning in terrestrial ecosystems, yet the geographical diversity and assembly patterns of the fungal community in metalliferous ecospheres associated with mining and smelting activities have received penurious understandings. Here, the fungal communities collected from three groups of soils around the mining and smelting sites were profiled by Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) sequencing, in order to understand the geographical distributions of fungal community diversities, structures, compositions, assembly processes and the occurrence patterns. The results suggested obvious biogeographic distribution patterns of fungal compositions among the three groups of soils. Among them, 15 fungal phyla including Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Mortierellomycota were recognized across the samples. 12 abundant classes showing significantly different in relative abundances among the three groups of soils. Total metal(loid)s and level significantly decreased the fungal abundances and diversities. The community similarity demonstrated distance-decay pattern among the three sites. Metal(loid)s explained relatively higher fungal community variations (4.16 %) relative to other factors (1.89 %) and geography (1.21 %), though 83.32 % of the variations could not be explained. Stochastic dispersal limitation and undominated fraction were dominated relative to deterministic heterogeneous selection in total and individual site, respectively. These results highlighted the stochastic processes in governing the biogeography of fungal communities in mining and smelting ecospheres
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Submitted on : Monday, July 25, 2022 - 3:06:15 PM
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Bang Liu, Jun Yao, Bo Ma, Shuzhen Li, Robert Duran. Disentangling biogeographic and underlying assembly patterns of fungal communities in metalliferous mining and smelting soils. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2022, 845, pp.157151. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157151⟩. ⟨hal-03737861⟩

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