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Identification of γ-Glutamyl-Selenomethionine as the Principal Selenium Metabolite in a Selenium-Enriched Probiotic, Bifidobacterium longum, by Two-Dimensional HPLC-ICP MS and HPLC-ESI Orbitrap MS

Abstract : Selenium (Se)-enriched probiotics are potential sources of organic Se in the human diet, but their application in food is debated because most selenized probiotics and their metabolites are not well-characterized. We analyzed a Se-enriched probiotic, Bifidobacterium longum DD98, to unveil its Se metabolite profiles by two-dimensional high-performance liquid chromatography inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP MS) and HPLC-electrospray ionization Orbitrap MS. A major Se metabolite was identified as gamma-glutamyl-selenomethionine (γ-Glu-SeMet), which accounted for 42.5 ± 3.4% of water-soluble Se. Most of the remaining Se was present as SeMet (35.2 ± 0.6%) in a free or protein-bound form. In addition, 11 minor Se metabolites were identified, eight of which had not been reported before in probiotics. Six of the identified compounds contained γ-Glu-SeMet as the core structure, constituting a γ-Glu-SeMet family. This study demonstrates the presence of γ-Glu-SeMet in a probiotic, showing a different selenite metabolite pathway from that of Se-enriched yeast, and it offers an alternative and potentially attractive source of organic Se for food and feed supplementation.
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https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03701099
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 21, 2022 - 4:21:54 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 22, 2022 - 3:20:11 AM

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Hui Zhu, Katarzyna Bierla, Xueli Jin, Joanna Szpunar, Daijie Chen, et al.. Identification of γ-Glutamyl-Selenomethionine as the Principal Selenium Metabolite in a Selenium-Enriched Probiotic, Bifidobacterium longum, by Two-Dimensional HPLC-ICP MS and HPLC-ESI Orbitrap MS. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2022, 70 (22), pp.6726-6736. ⟨10.1021/acs.jafc.2c01409⟩. ⟨hal-03701099⟩

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