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Temperature and Photoperiod Affect the Sensitivity of Biofilms to Nickel and its Accumulation

Abstract : Whereas metal impacts on fluvial communities have been extensively investigated, effects of abiotic parameters on community responses to contaminants are poorly documented. Variations in photoperiod and temperature commonly occur over the course of a season and could affect aquatic biofilm communities and their responses to contaminants. Our objective was to characterize the influence of environmental conditions (photoperiod and temperature) on nickel (Ni) bioaccumulation and toxicity using a laboratory-grown biofilm. Environmental parameters were chosen to represent variations that can occur over the summer season. Biofilms were exposed for 7 days to six dissolved Ni treatments (ranging from 6 to 115 µM) at two temperatures (14 and 20 °C) using two photoperiods (16:8 and 12:12-h light:dark cycle). Under these different scenarios, structural (dry weight biomass and chlorophyll-a) and functional biomarkers (photosynthetic yield and Ni content) were analyzed at four sampling dates, allowing us to evaluate Ni sensitivity of biofilms over time. The results highlight the effects of temperature on Ni accumulation and tolerance of biofilms. Indeed, biofilms exposed at 20 °C accumulated 1.6–4.2-fold higher concentrations of Ni and were characterized by a lower median effect concentration value using photosynthetic yield compared with those exposed at 14 °C. In terms of photoperiod, significantly greater rates of Ni accumulation were observed at the highest tested Ni concentration for biofilms exposed to a 12:12-h compared with a 16:8-h light:dark cycle. Our study demonstrates the influence of temperature on biofilm metabolism and illustrates that environmental factors may influence Ni accumulation response and thus Ni responses of phototrophic biofilms.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 7, 2022 - 1:56:08 PM
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Vincent Laderriere, Maxime Richard, Soizic Morin, Séverine Le Faucheur, Claude Fortin. Temperature and Photoperiod Affect the Sensitivity of Biofilms to Nickel and its Accumulation. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Wiley, 2022, 41 (7), pp.1649-1662. ⟨10.1002/etc.5335⟩. ⟨hal-03689602⟩



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