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Direct Sensing of Superoxide and Its Relatives Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species in Phosphate Buffers during Cold Atmospheric Plasmas Exposures

Abstract : This study aims at sensing in situ reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) and specifically superoxide anion (O2•-) in aqueous buffer solutions exposed to cold atmospheric plasmas (CAPs). CAPs were generated by ionizing He gas shielded with variable N2/O2 mixtures. Thanks to ultramicroelectrodes protected against the high electric fields transported by the ionization waves of CAPs, the production of superoxide and several RONS was electrochemically directly detected in liquids during their plasma exposure. Complementarily, optical emissive spectroscopy (OES) was used to study the plasma phase composition and its correlation with the chemistry in the exposed liquid. The specific production of O2•-, a biologically reactive redox species, was analyzed by cyclic voltammetry (CV), in both alkaline (pH 11), where the species is fairly stable, and physiological (pH 7.4) conditions, where it is unstable. To understand its generation with respect to the plasma chemistry, we varied the shielding gas composition of CAPs to directly impact on the RONS composition at the plasma-liquid interface. We observed that the production and accumulation of RONS in liquids, including O2•-, depends on the plasma composition, with N2-based shieldings providing the highest superoxide concentrations (few 10s of micromolar at most) and of its derivatives (hundreds of micromolar). In situ spectroscopic and electrochemical analyses provide a high resolution kinetic and quantitative understanding of the interactions between CAPs and physiological solutions for biomedical applications.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 10:25:29 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 3:35:41 AM

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Fanny Girard-Sahun, Pauline Lefrançois, Vasilica Badets, Stéphane Arbault, Franck Clement. Direct Sensing of Superoxide and Its Relatives Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species in Phosphate Buffers during Cold Atmospheric Plasmas Exposures. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2022, 94 (14), pp.5555-5565. ⟨10.1021/acs.analchem.1c04998⟩. ⟨hal-03651886⟩

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