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Inertness of Superoxide Dismutase Mimics Mn(II) Complexes Based on an Open-Chain Ligand, Bioactivity, and Detection in Intestinal Epithelial Cells

Abstract : Oxidative stress is known to play a major role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), and, in particular, superoxide dismutase (SODs) defenses were shown to be weakened in patients suffering from IBDs. SOD mimics, also called SOD mimetics, as low-molecular-weight complexes reproducing the activity of SOD, constitute promising antioxidant catalytic metallodrugs in the context of IBDs. A Mn(II) complex SOD mimic (Mn1) based on an open-chain diaminoethane ligand exerting antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on an intestinal epithelial cellular model was shown to experience metal exchanges between the manganese center and metal ions present in the biological environment (such as Zn(II)) to some degrees. As the resulting complexes (mainly Zn(II)) were shown to be inactive, improving the kinetic inertness of Mn(II) complexes based on open-chain ligands is key to improve their bioactivity in a cellular context. We report here the study of three new Mn(II) complexes resulting from Mn1 functionalization with a cyclohexyl and/or a propyl group meant to limit, respectively, (a) metal exchanges and (b) deprotonation of an amine from the 1,2-diaminoethane central scaffold. The new manganese-based SOD mimics display a higher intrinsic SOD activity and also improved kinetic inertness in metal ion exchange processes (with Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II)). They were shown to provide anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects in cells at lower doses than Mn1 (down to 10 μM). This improvement was due to their higher inertness against metalassisted dissociation and not to different cellular overall accumulations. Based on its higher inertness, the SOD mimic containing both the propyl and the cyclohexyl moieties was suitable for intracellular detection and quantification by mass spectrometry, quantification, that was achieved by using a 13 C-labeled Co-based analog of the SOD mimics as an external heavy standard.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 9:56:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 29, 2022 - 5:02:48 AM

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Gabrielle Schanne, Martha Zoumpoulaki, Géraldine Gazzah, Amandine Vincent, Hugues Preud'Homme, et al.. Inertness of Superoxide Dismutase Mimics Mn(II) Complexes Based on an Open-Chain Ligand, Bioactivity, and Detection in Intestinal Epithelial Cells. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, Hindawi, 2022, 2022, pp.3858122. ⟨10.1155/2022/3858122⟩. ⟨hal-03651845⟩

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