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On the High-Resolution Discretization of the Maxwell Equations in a Composite Tape and the Heating Effects Induced by the Dielectric Losses

Abstract : Electromagnetic field propagation inside composite materials represents a challenge where fiber-scale simulation remains intractable using classical simulation methods. The present work proposes an original 3D simulation with a mesh resolution fine enough to resolve the fiber scale, thanks to the use of Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD)-based space decomposition, which avoids the necessity of considering homogenized properties and considers the richest description of the involved physics from the solution of the Maxwell equations. This high-resolution simulation enables comparing the electromagnetic field propagation in a composite part, depending on the considered frequency and the fiber’s/wave polarization’s relative orientation. The electromagnetic fields are then post-processed to identify the heat generation terms and- the resulting induced thermal field. The results prove the ability of the PGD-based discretization to attain extremely high levels of resolution, the equivalent of 1010 finite-element degrees of freedom. The obtained results show an enhanced wave penetration when the electric field polarization coincides with the fiber orientation. On the contrary, when the electric field is polarized along the normal to the fiber orientation, both the penetration and the associated heating reduce significantly, compromising the use of homogenized models, rendering them unable to reproduce the observed behaviors.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 8, 2022 - 9:15:49 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 9, 2022 - 3:46:42 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 6:18:07 PM

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Chady Ghnatios, Anaïs Barasinski, Francisco Chinesta. On the High-Resolution Discretization of the Maxwell Equations in a Composite Tape and the Heating Effects Induced by the Dielectric Losses. Computation, MDPI, 2022, 10 (2), pp.24. ⟨10.3390/computation10020024⟩. ⟨hal-03561110⟩

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