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Nucleophilic Addition to π-Allyl Gold(III) Complexes: Evidence for Direct and Undirect Paths

Abstract : π-Allyl complexes play a prominent role in organometallic chemistry and have attracted considerable attention, in particular the π-allyl Pd(II) complexes which are key intermediates in the Tsuji-Trost allylic substitution reaction. Despite the huge interest in π-complexes of gold, π-allyl Au(III) complexes were only authenticated very recently. Herein, we report the reactivity of (P,C)-cyclometalated Au(III) π-allyl complexes toward β-diketo enolates. Behind an apparently trivial outcome, i.e. the formation of the corresponding allylation products, meticulous NMR studies combined with DFT calculations revealed a complex and rich mechanistic picture. Nucleophilic attack can occur at the central and terminal positions of the π-allyl as well as the metal itself. All paths are observed and are actually competitive, whereas addition to the terminal positions largely prevails for Pd(II). Auracyclobutanes and π-alkene Au(I) complexes were authenticated spectroscopically and crystallographically, and Au(III) σ-allyl complexes were unambiguously characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. Nucleophilic additions to the central position of the π-allyl and to gold are reversible. Over time, the auracyclobutanes and the Au(III) σ-allyl complexes evolve into the π-alkene Au(I) complexes and release the C-allylation products. The relevance of auracyclobutanes in gold-mediated cyclopropanation was demonstrated by inducing C-C coupling with iodine. The molecular orbitals of the π-allyl Au(III) complexes were analyzed in-depth, and the reaction profiles for the addition of β-diketo enolates were thoroughly studied by DFT. Special attention was devoted to the regioselectivity of the nucleophilic attack, but C-C coupling to give the allylation products was also considered to give a complete picture of the reaction progress.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 7:13:14 PM
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Jessica Rodriguez, Marte Sofie Martinsen Holmsen, Yago García-Rodeja, E. Daiann Sosa Carrizo, Pierre Lavedan, et al.. Nucleophilic Addition to π-Allyl Gold(III) Complexes: Evidence for Direct and Undirect Paths. Journal of the American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society, 2021, 143 (30), pp.11568-11581. ⟨10.1021/jacs.1c04282⟩. ⟨hal-03336159⟩



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