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Li-Rich Layered Sulfide as Cathode Active Materials in All-Solid-State Li–Metal Batteries

Abstract : Great hopes are placed on all-solid state Li-metal batteries (ASSB's) to boost the energy density of the current Li-ion technology. Though, these devices still present a number of unresolved issues that keep them far from commercialization such as interfacial instability, lithium dendrite formation and lack of mechanical integrity during cycling. To mitigate these limiting aspects, the most advanced ASSB systems presently combine a sulfide or oxide-based solid electrolyte (SE) with a coated Li-based oxide as positive electrode and a lithium anode. Through this work we propose a different twist by switching from layered oxides to layered sulfides as active cathode materials. Herein we present the performance of a Li-rich layered sulfide of formula Li 1.13 Ti 0.57 Fe 0.3 S 2 (LTFS) in room temperature operating all-solid state batteries, using β-Li 3 PS 4 as a solid electrolyte and both InLi and Li anode materials. These batteries exhibit good cyclability, small polarization and, in the case of Li anode, no irreversible capacity. Taking advantage of the stable LTFS/β-Li 3 PS 4 interface, we also propose the use of LTFS mixed with an 2 oxide-based cathode material in the positive electrode of an ASSB. Our proof of concept using LiNi 0.6 Mn 0.2 Co 0.2 O 2 (NMC 622) showed that the addition of a small amount of LTFS had a direct positive impact in the battery performance, ascribed to the improvement of the oxide cathode/sulfide SE interface.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03313852
Contributor : Sathiya Mariyappan <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 4, 2021 - 6:23:03 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 31, 2021 - 1:18:25 PM

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Florencia Marchini, Sujoy Saha, Daniel Alves Dalla Corte, Jean Marie Tarascon. Li-Rich Layered Sulfide as Cathode Active Materials in All-Solid-State Li–Metal Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 2020, 12 (13), pp.15145-15154. ⟨10.1021/acsami.9b22937⟩. ⟨hal-03313852⟩

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