Chemicals sorbed to environmental microplastics are toxic to early life stages of aquatic organisms - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Year : 2021

Chemicals sorbed to environmental microplastics are toxic to early life stages of aquatic organisms

(1, 2) , (3) , (4) , (2) , (3) , (5) , (2) , (5) , (1) , (1) , (6) , (7) , (8) , (2) , (3) , (3) , (9, 10) , (11) , (4) , (2)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Anna Kärrman
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Microplastics are ubiquitous in aquatic ecosystems, but little information is currently available on the dangers and risks to living organisms. In order to assess the ecotoxicity of environmental microplastics (MPs), samples were collected from the beaches of two islands in the Guadeloupe archipelago, Petit-Bourg (PB) located on the main island of Guadeloupe and Marie-Galante (MG) on the second island of the archipelago. These samples have a similar polymer composition with mainly polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP). However, these two samples are very dissimilar with regard to their contamination profile and their toxicity. MPs from MG contain more lead, cadmium and organochlorine compounds while those from PB have higher levels of copper, zinc and hydrocarbons. The leachates of these two samples of MPs induced sublethal effects on the growth of sea urchins and on the pulsation frequency of jellyfish ephyrae but not on the development of zebrafish embryos. The toxic effects are much more marked for samples from the PB site than those from the MG site. This work demonstrates that MPs can contain high levels of potentially bioavailable toxic substances that may represent a significant ecotoxicological risk, particularly for the early life stages of aquatic animals.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
1-s2.0-S0147651320315025-main.pdf (873.69 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03176074 , version 1 (22-03-2021)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Bettie Cormier, Chiara Gambardella, Tania Tato, Quentin Perdriat, Elisa Costa, et al.. Chemicals sorbed to environmental microplastics are toxic to early life stages of aquatic organisms. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2021, 208, ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.111665⟩. ⟨hal-03176074⟩
154 View
103 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More