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Selenium distribution in French forests: Influence of environmental conditions

Abstract : Selenium is a trace element and an essential nutrient. Its long-lived radioisotope, selenium 79 is of potential radio-ecological concern in surface environment of deep geological repository for high-level radioactive waste. In this study, the influence of environmental, climatic and geochemical conditions on stable Se (as a surrogate of 79Se) accumulation was statistically assessed (PCA analysis, Kruskall-Wallis and Spearman tests) based on the analysis of its concentration in litterfall, humus, and soil samples collected at 51 forest sites located in France. Selenium concentrations were in the ranges: 22–369, 57–1608 and 25–1222 μg kg−1 respectively in litterfall, humus, and soil. The proximity of the ocean and oceanic climate promoted Se enrichment of litterfall, likely due to a significant reaction of wet deposits with forest canopy. Se content was enhanced by humification (up to 6 times) suggesting that Se concentrations in humus were affected by atmospheric inputs. Selenium stock in humus decreased in the order of decreasing humus biomass and increasing turnover of organic matter: mor > moder > mull. Positive correlations between Se content and geochemical parameters such as organic carbon content, total Al and total Fe confirmed the important role of organic matter (OM) and mineral Fe/Al oxides in Se retention in soils.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 8, 2021 - 3:55:29 PM
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Paulina Pisarek, Maïté Bueno, Yves Thiry, Manuel Nicolas, Hervé Gallard, et al.. Selenium distribution in French forests: Influence of environmental conditions. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2021, 774, pp.144962. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.144962⟩. ⟨hal-03162653⟩



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