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One-step synthesis of SiO2 α−Fe2O3 / Fe3O4 composite nanoparticles with magnetic properties from rice husks

Abstract : This paper presents different methodologies for the preparation of Fe2O3@SiO2 nanoparticles (composites) and their characterization. The composite nanoparticles were prepared directly from rice husks. Two methodologies were used, (i) impregnation with an ionic iron solution of rice husks followed with a thermal treatment and (ii) impregnation of the pre-calcinated and lixiviated rice husks. In both methods, a low density, homogenous and highly porous SiO2 nanoparticles with a mean diameter of 20 nm and loaded with different types of iron oxide are generated. The synthetized products were systematically characterized by SEM, AFM, DLS, FT-IR, Mössbauer and VSM. The results show that two different composites were obtained, one mostly composed by α-Fe2O3@SiO2 and a second one mostly composed by γ-Fe2O3@SiO2. Mössbauer and VMS spectra show that iron oxide nanoparticles are formed in the pores of the SiO2 nanoparticles and the first method promote production of composites with magnetic properties. These results highlight a new one-step methodology to obtain silica nanoparticles loaded with iron oxides and with high magnetic properties.
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https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03097269
Contributor : Brice Bouyssiere <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 11:59:47 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 15, 2021 - 8:47:28 AM

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Jimmy Castillo, Vicmary Vargas, Daniel Macero, Aurélie Le Beulze, Wladimir Ruiz, et al.. One-step synthesis of SiO2 α−Fe2O3 / Fe3O4 composite nanoparticles with magnetic properties from rice husks. Physica B: Condensed Matter, Elsevier, 2021, 605, pp.412799. ⟨10.1016/j.physb.2020.412799⟩. ⟨hal-03097269⟩

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