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Untargeted Analysis for Mycosporines and Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids by Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography (HILIC)—Electrospray Orbitrap MS2/MS3

Abstract : Mycosporines and mycosporine-like amino acids have been described as natural sunscreens and antioxidant compounds presenting a great potential for health and cosmetic applications. Herein, an untargeted screening approach for mycosporines and mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) was developed by the coupling of zwitterionic hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) with multistage electrospray mass spectrometry MS 2 /MS 3 using an Orbitrap analyzer and fragment ion search (FISh). This method was applied to study the mycosporine and MAA contents of five algae extracted using a 50% methanol solution and sonication. Candidate-MAAs were detected by mining eight characteristic fragment ions in their HILIC data-dependent MS 2 mass spectrum. Their exact masses were measured with 3 ppm mass accuracy and their structures were elucidated on the basis of the MS 3 /MS 4 mass spectra. The method developed was validated with a targeted analysis using an extract of Gymnogongrus devoniensis which confirmed the detection of 14 MAAs reported in the literature. In addition, 23 previously unreported MAAs were detected and the structures could be assigned for seven of them. The developed method was applied to the analysis of four algae: Gelidium sesquipedale, Halopithys incurva, Porphyra rosengurtii and Cystoseira tamariscifolia allowing the detection of MAAs, including some reported here for the first time.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 10:35:14 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 15, 2021 - 9:21:18 AM

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Maroussia Parailloux, Simon Godin, Susana C.M. Fernandes, Ryszard Lobinski. Untargeted Analysis for Mycosporines and Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids by Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography (HILIC)—Electrospray Orbitrap MS2/MS3. Antioxidants , MDPI, 2020, 9 (12), pp.1-26. ⟨10.3390/antiox9121185⟩. ⟨hal-03043152⟩

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