, 0204) ménage 0,0003 (1e-04) *** 0,0003 (0,0001) *** -0,0005 (0,0002) ** 0,0007 (0,0002) *** Education du chef de ménage Primaire

, Log

, Ecart-types robustes entre parenthèses, *** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1 Source : Calculs propres à partir des données de UNHS, 2005.

J. P. Acton, Nonmonetary factors in the demand for medical services: Some empirical evidence, Journal of Political Economics, vol.83, issue.3, pp.595-614, 1975.

J. S. Akin, D. K. Guilkey, P. L. Hutchinson-&amp;-m, and . Mcintosh, price elasticities of demand for curative health care with control for sample selectivity on endogenous illness: an analysis for Sri Lanka, Health Economics, vol.7, pp.509-531, 1998.

J. S. Akin, C. Griffin, D. K. Guilkey-&amp;-b, and . Popkin, the demand for primary health care service in the Bicol region of Philippines, Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol.34, issue.4, pp.755-782, 1986.

L. A. Amaghionyeodiwe, Determinants of the choice of health care provider in Nigeria, Health Care Manag. Sci, vol.11, issue.3, pp.215-242, 2008.

N. Ashraf, J. Berry, and &. Shapiro, Can Higher Prices Stimulate Product Use? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Zambia, American Economic Review, vol.100, issue.5, pp.2383-2413, 2010.

A. Banerjee, E. Duflo, R. Glennerster, and &. C. Kinnan, The Miracle of Microfinance? Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation. mimeo, MIT, 2009.

J. Bryant, Santé publique et développement. Agence de santé publique, 1972.

J. P. Chaze, Assessing household health expenditure with Box-Cox censoring models, Health Economics, vol.14, pp.893-907, 2005.

J. Cohen, P. Dupas, and &. S. Schaner, Price Subsidies, Diagnostic Tests and Targeting of Malaria Treatment: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial, 2011.

D. Cutler, W. Fung, M. Kremer, M. Singhal, and &. Vogl, Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India, 2007.

F. Devoto, E. Duflo, P. Dupas, W. Pariente, and &. Pons, Happiness on Tap: Piped Water Adoption in Urban Morocco. Mimeo, UCLA, 2011.

, association annual meeting, 2008.

P. Dupas, Health Behavior in Developing Countries, Paper Prepared for the Annual Review of Economics, vol.3, pp.425-449, 2011.

P. Dupas, Do Teenagers respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a field experiment in Kenya, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-34, 2011.

P. &. Dupas and . Robinson, Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a field experiment in Kenya, 2009.

J. &. Gao and . Chen, Evaluation of the effectiveness of Rural Mutual Health Care in improving health service access, Chinese Health Economics, vol.26, issue.10, pp.34-38, 2007.

Y. Gao, School educational investment, intra-household externality of literacy and Return on Peasant's Family Income (in Chinese), South China Journal of Economy, vol.9, pp.13-26, 2009.

Y. Gao, G. Chen, and &. S. Tu, Modeling Household Health Care Expenditure in Rural China, 2011.

G. W. , G. W. Pariyo, E. Ekirapa-kiracho, O. Okui, M. H. Rahman et al., Changes in utilization of health services among poor and rural residents in Uganda: are reforms benefitting the poor?, International Journal for Equity in Health, vol.8, issue.39, 2009.

P. Glick, J. Razafindravonona, and &. I. Randretsa, Education and Health services: utilization in Madagascar: Utilisation Patterns and Demand determinants, 2000.

. Greene, Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data, 2012.

M. Han, Health Returns to Medical Expenditures and Medical Expenditure Components across Age Groups, Dissertation of Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, 2011.

S. &. Herrera and . Pang, Efficiency of spending in developing countries: an effiency frontier approach, 2005.

C. Hjortsberg, Why do the sick not utilize health care? The case of Zambia, Health Economics, vol.12, pp.755-70, 2003.

J. &. Jalan and . Somanathan, The importance of being informed: Experimental evidence on demand for environmental quality, Journal of Development Economics, vol.87, issue.1, pp.14-28, 2008.

M. Madajewicz, A. Pfaff, A. Van-geen, J. Graziano, I. Hussein et al., Can information alone change behavior? Response to arsenic contamination of groundwater in Bangladesh, Journal of Development Economics, vol.84, issue.2, pp.731-754, 2007.

B. Madrian and &. D. Shea, The Power of Suggestion: Inertia in 401(k) Participation and Savings Behavior, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.116, pp.1149-1187, 2001.

A. M. Malick and . Syed, Socio-economic determinants of household out-of-pocket payments on healthcare in Pakistan, International Journal for Equity in Health, vol.11, p.51, 2012.

. Ministery and . Health, Uganda Health System Assessment, Health Systems, vol.20, 2011.

, Health sector strategic and investment plan, Uganda Ministery of Health, pp.11-2014, 2010.

P. Musgrave, Family health care spending in latin America, Journal of Health Economics, vol.12, pp.245-57, 1983.

, Project document. Ministère de la santé, Ministère du développement social et des personnes âgées (Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Development and the Elderly), 2003.

A. A. Okunade, C. &. Suraratdecha, and . Benson, Determinants of Thailand household healthcare expenditure: the relevance of permanent resources and other correlates, Health Economic, vol.19, pp.365-376, 2010.

S. W. Parker and &. R. Wong, Household income and health expenditure in Mexico, Health Policy, vol.40, pp.237-55, 1997.

, L'essor du Sud : le progrès dans le monde diversifié, PNUD, 2013.

V. Ridde, E. Robert, and &. Meessen, A literature review of the disruptive effects of user fee exemption policies on health systems, BMC Public Health Review, vol.12, p.289, 2012.

D. Roodman, Fitting fully observed recursive mixed-process models with cmp, Stata Journal, vol.11, p.2, 2011.

J. J. Rous and . Hotchkiss, Estimation of the determinants of households health care expenditures in Nepal with controls for endogenous illness and provider choice, Health Economics, vol.12, pp.431-51, 2003.

R. M. Rubin and . Koellin, Determinants of household out-of-pocket Health expenditures, Social Science Quarterly, vol.74, pp.721-756, 1993.

E. Rutebemberwa, G. Pariyo, S. Peterson, G. Tomson, and &. K. Kallander, Utilization of public or private health care providers by febrile children after user fee removal in Uganda, Malaria journal, vol.8, pp.45-45, 2009.

T. T. Su, B. Kouyaté, and &. S. Flessa, Catastrophic household expenditure for health care in a low-income society: a study from Nouna District, Bulletin of the World health Organisation, vol.84, issue.1, 2006.

A. Tarozzi, A. Mahajan, B. Blackburn, D. Kopf, L. Krishnan et al., Micro-loans, Insecticide-Treated Bednets and Malaria: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Orissa (India), 2011.

W. Bank, Uganda -Country Assistance strategy for the period FY2011-2015, 2010.

K. Xu, D. B. Evans, P. Kadama, J. Nabyonga, P. O. Ogwal et al., Understanding the impact of eliminating user fees: utilization and catastrophic health expenditures in Uganda, Soc Sci Med, vol.62, issue.4, pp.866-876, 2006.