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The importance of the stakeholders’ involvement in building indicators. The case of environmental regulation in France

Abstract : The purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of stakeholders’ involve-ment, through surveys in the construction of indicators. In this paper, we deal withthe case of environmental regulation and its impact on competitiveness. We first un-derline the disregard or lack of even a critical consideration of competitiveness’ in-dicators regarding environmental regulation. We explain that the literature does notjustify this assumption. Focusing on the French case, we then examine the follow-ing question: Is environmental regulation detrimental to employment? Using an ex-ploratory study involving semi-structured interviews with 36 business leaders, we re-veal heterogeneity in entrepreneurs’ perceptions. Far from being a consistently heavyburden for companies, environmental regulation can be a source of opportunity andinnovation, and may lead to job creation. Using empirical data on French industries,we present evidence of non-linear relationships between environmental regulation,FDI outflows, and employment in France over the period 1996-2006. We emphasizethe positive impact of environmental regulation on the level of employment depend-ing on trade liberalization. We conclude on the need to involve stakeholders in theconstruction of indicators.
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https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02947023
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Anne Musson. The importance of the stakeholders’ involvement in building indicators. The case of environmental regulation in France. 2012. ⟨hal-02947023⟩

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