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"Feitac espravi dutuçu": partizipio sail berri bat Zuberoan / "Feitac espravi dutuçu": a new group of participles in Souletin Basque

Résumé : During the last centuries Souletin Basque has developed a new group of verbs ended in -i. Romance-origin forms such as akabi 'to end', ataki 'to attack' or ezkapi 'to escape' differ from the ancient Basque participles pertaining to the -i class of verbs. In fact, every new verb in -i has an equivalent within the -tu class (e.g. akabatü, atakatü, ezkapatü), with which it tends to a complementary distribution of forms and functions. This paper analyses the new group of participles in the light of a far-reaching corpus of Souletin texts from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. Firstly, I will describe the forms and functions of the new verbs ended in -i (§ 2), and I will systematically collect their attestations (§ 3). From a diachronic point of view, the competition between the new forms and their pairs ended in -tu will be addressed (§ 4). Then I shall argue that new forms in -i are due to language contact with Gascon; more specifically, they originated in the borrowing of inflected verbal forms to Bearnese Gascon (§ 5). Finally, I will discuss some other forms ending in -i which have not yet acquired full verbal nature (§ 6).
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https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02531109
Contributor : Gaelle Chancerel-Lannuzel <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 3, 2020 - 2:30:24 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 15, 2020 - 3:12:57 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02531109, version 1

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Manuel Padilla Moyano. "Feitac espravi dutuçu": partizipio sail berri bat Zuberoan / "Feitac espravi dutuçu": a new group of participles in Souletin Basque. Anuario del Seminario de Filología Vasca "Julio de Urquijo", ASJU-Universidad del Pais Vasco, 2019, 52 (1/2), pp.629--646. ⟨hal-02531109⟩

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