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Sb(III)-resistance mechanisms of a novel bacterium from non-ferrous metal tailings

Abstract : Understanding the mechanism(s) of microbial resistance to antimony (Sb) is critical in the bioremediation of Sb polluted environments. Here a novel bacterium (Acinetobacter sp. JH7) isolated from mine tailings decreased the Microtox toxicity of a Sb(III)-containing medium. DNA sequencing and physiological testing were employed for the identification and characterization of strain JH7. Following a batch experiment, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and antimony speciation analyses determined the adsorption and oxidation of antimony. Analyses of Sb(III) distribution revealed that extracellular polymeric substances and cell walls inhibited Sb(III) entry into JH7 cells. FTIR studies indicated that key functional groups including –OH, C–N, and C–O likely participated in Sb(III) biosorption. Isothermal and kinetic studies revealed that Sb(III) sorption to viable JH7 cells fitted the Langmuir model (R2 = 0.99) and could be described by pseudo-second order kinetics (R2 = 0.99). Furthermore, the increase of anti-oxidative enzymatic activity of JH7 enhanced the intracellular detoxification of Sb(III), which would indirectly contribute to the Sb(III) resistance ability of strain JH7. Our results indicate that biosorption and ROS oxidation of Sb(III) were likely responsible for the decreased toxicity of Sb. The greater understanding how Acinetobacter sp. JH7 lowers the environmental Sb(III) toxicity could provide a basis for future research and subsequent development of technologies for the remediation of Sb contaminated sites.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 18, 2019 - 12:21:33 PM
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Jihai Gu, Geoffrey Sunahara, Robert Duran, Jun Yao, Yongqiang Cui, et al.. Sb(III)-resistance mechanisms of a novel bacterium from non-ferrous metal tailings. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Elsevier, 2019, 186, pp.109773. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109773⟩. ⟨hal-02319866⟩



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