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Comparison of preconcentration methods of the colloidal phase of a uranium-containing soil suspension

Abstract : Three methods of membrane separation by dead-end, tangential, and centrifugal ultrafiltration (UF) were considered in order to understand the physicochemical phenomena occurring during the preconcentration of the colloidal phase of soil water. The analytical approach used involved dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), determination of total organic carbon (TOC-metry) and mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The mass amounts of the major components of the colloidal phase, i.e. Al, Fe and total organic carbon (TOC), as well as the mass amount of uranium considered as a trace element of environmental interest, were determined, both in soil water, and in the concentrates (i.e. retentates) and filtrates of this water obtained by the 3 methods tested. Dead-end ultrafiltration led to an enlargement of the size distribution towards larger sizes because of agglomeration/aggregation phenomena. This method also generated enrichment of concentrates, in particular in organic matter. The consequence was that large structures were observed coating or embedding the particles initially present individually dispersed in the test sample. The mass amounts of elements and TOC increased more importantly than expected, which confirmed the enrichment of the concentrates from the dissolved phase probably by sorption on colloidal objects. To a lesser extent similar effects were observed after tangential ultrafiltration. Such phenomena were not observed after centrifugal ultrafiltration. From a practical point of view, both tangential and centrifugal ultrafiltration proved to be both the most practical and the best suited for the preconcentration of soil water sample. Finally, centrifugal ultrafiltration has proved to be the best compromise given the preservation of colloidal particles and method practicality.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 30, 2019 - 9:25:31 AM
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Emmanuelle Maria, Pierre Crançon, Philippe Le Coustumer, Maxime Bridoux, Gaétane Lespes. Comparison of preconcentration methods of the colloidal phase of a uranium-containing soil suspension. Talanta, Elsevier, 2020, 208, pp.120383. ⟨10.1016/j.talanta.2019.120383⟩. ⟨hal-02300932⟩



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