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Two Approaches for Numerical Modelling of Waves Generated by Landslides: Macroscopic and Grain Scales

Abstract : The present works aims to show two approaches for the numerical modelling of waves generated by landslides. The first approach is based on a macroscopic view of the landslide. Two cases are introduced : the pyroclastic flow and the generation by a granular flow. Regarding the pyroclastic flow, if we consider that the high interstitial pressure persists during the propagation as showed in some experiments (Roche et al.), the slide has a fluid-like behaviour and therefore can be modelled as a Newtonian fluid. Some experiments are in process to assess this hypothesis. In the case of granular flow, we deal with the experiment of glass beads falling on a slope into water (Viroulet) for two diameters of beads. First, the landslide is modelled as a Newtonian fluid. The aim is to determine the viscosity value for each case and be able to reproduce the first wave. To be closer to the granular media, the mu(I)-rheology is also introduced (GDR MiDi). This rheology has been proposed to model dense granular flow and parameters are defined by the media. The second approach is to model the grain itself in the granular media. It can be done by coupling a DEM code with a Navier-Stokes code for example (Shan and Zhao). However, here, the idea is to compute the slide and the fluids with only a Navier-Stokes (NS) code. To realise that, the solid are modelled using penalised fluid (Ducassou et al.). Yet, the interactions between solid have to be manage by an additional routine in the NS code. A first model has been developed for interaction between discs. Experimental results are expected for the validation of this routine like the fall of several cylinders on a slope into water. References : O. Roche, S. Montserrat, Y. Niño, and A. Tamburrino. Pore fluid pressure and internal kinematics of gravitational laboratory air-particle flows: Insights into the emplacement dynamics of pyroclastic flows. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(B9), September 2010. Sylvain Viroulet. Simulations de tsunamis générés par glissements de terrains aériens. Thèse de doctorat, Aix-Marseille Université, France, 2013. GDR MiDi. On dense granular flows. The European Physical Journal E, 14(4):341-365, August 2004. Tong Shan and Zidong Zhao. A coupled CFD-DEM analysis of granular flow impacting on a water reservoir. Acta Mechanica, 225(8):2449-2470, August 2014. B. Ducassou, J. Nunez, M. Cruchaga, and S. Abadie. A fictitious domain approach on a viscosity penalty method to simulate wave / structure interaction. To appear in Journal of Hydraulic Research.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 12, 2019 - 4:14:28 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 1:03:05 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-02154028, version 1



Lucie Clous, Stéphane Abadie. Two Approaches for Numerical Modelling of Waves Generated by Landslides: Macroscopic and Grain Scales. 19th EGU General Assembly, EGU2017, Proceedings from the Conference Held 23-28 April, 2017 in Vienna, Austria, Apr 2017, Vienna, Austria, Austria. pp.14826. ⟨hal-02154028⟩



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