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Water Vapour Condensation in a Partly Closed Structure. Comparison between Results Obtained with an inside Wet or Dry Bottom Wall

Abstract : We are interested in the determination of the more significant parameters acting on the water vapour condensation in a partly closed structure, submitted to external constraints (temperature and humidity), in view to recover the generated droplets as an additional source of potable water. External temperature variations, by inducing temperature differences between outside and inside of the structure, lead to convective movements and thermal variations inside this structure. Through an orifice, these movements permit a renewing of the humid inner air and can lead to the condensation of the water vapour initially contained in the inner air volume and/or on the walls. With the above hypotheses, and by using a numerical simulation [1] based on the ambient air characteristics and a finite volumes method, it appears that condensed water quantities are mainly depending on the boundary conditions imposed. These conditions are: 1) dimensions of the structure; 2) external temperature and relative hygrometry; 3) the phase \varphi (T/RH) linking thermal and hydrometric conditions; 4) the air renewing and its hygrometry for each phase; and 5) for each case, the fact that the inside bottom wall can be wet or dry. The resulting condensed water vapour quantities obtained, for the width section, point out clearly that they are very depending on this phase \varphi (T/RH) which appears as the more significant parameter and can be modified by the presence or not of a thin layer of water vapour on the inside bottom wall. Condensation phenomenon could be increased if \varphi could be optimized.
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Jean Batina, René Peyrous. Water Vapour Condensation in a Partly Closed Structure. Comparison between Results Obtained with an inside Wet or Dry Bottom Wall. Heat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung, 2018, 54 (10), pp.3097-3116. ⟨10.1007/s00231-018-2357-8⟩. ⟨hal-02153682⟩

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