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Effect of Temperature and Moisture on the Instantaneous Behaviour of Concrete

Abstract : In nuclear power plants, a severe accident in the containment building results in an increase in pressure, temperature and relative humidity that can reach respectively 5~bars, 140~°C and the saturation of water vapour. As well as the regulatory calculations, accurate knowledge of the thermal and mechanical behaviour of materials and more specifically of concrete is required to carry out more precise numerical simulations. Our study aims to investigate the mechanical behaviour of concrete under homogeneous conditions of moisture and temperature. An experimental apparatus was designed in order to assess the evolutions of the fracture energy, modulus of elasticity and tensile strength of concrete. Different temperature levels up to a maximum of 90~°C and at different values of the controlled moisture content were investigated. The equipment was used to perform DCT (Disk-shape Compact Tension) tests at 30~°C and 90~°C. Five levels of degree of liquid water saturation (Sw) were investigated for each temperature level. Finite-element computations with the code Cast3m were carried out to determine the modulus of elasticity and the tensile strength from the results of DCT tests. The fracture energy is the same at 30 and 90~°C and decreases with Sw between 36 and 100%. The modulus of elasticity decreases with temperature between 30 and 90~°C, decreases with Sw between 36 and 55% and increases between 72 and 100%. The tensile strength decreases with temperature between 30 and 90~°C and increases with Sw between 36 and 100% \textcopyright 2017 Elsevier Ltd
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 12, 2019 - 11:30:18 AM
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H. Kallel, Hélène Carré, Christian La Borderie, B. Masson, N.C. Tran. Effect of Temperature and Moisture on the Instantaneous Behaviour of Concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, Elsevier, 2017, 80, pp.326-332. ⟨10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.03.021⟩. ⟨hal-02153461⟩



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