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Fire Spalling Behaviour of Concrete: Role of Mechanical Loading (Uniaxial and Biaxial) and Cement Type

Abstract : Fire poses one of the most severe environmental conditions that can act on concrete structures as an external load and can induce severe damages (cracks, spalling) or even lead to collapse. Fire spalling of concrete is a complex phenomenon, which might occur due to pressure build-up in the pores, thermal and load-induced stresses. In this context, ordinary concrete specimens (B40-II and B40-III: fc28days≈ 40 MPa) were exposed to standard fire curve (ISO 834-1), while a constant uniaxial or biaxial compressive load was applied. Six different levels of uniaxial compressive stress on cubes and four different levels of biaxial compressive stress on slabs have been investigated. The test results showed that loaded specimens are more susceptible to spalling than unloaded specimens, with increasing amount of spalling for higher values of applied load. It has been found that biaxially loaded specimens are more prone to spalling than uniaxially loaded specimens. B40-II concrete (3% of slag) exhibited higher spalling than the B40-III concrete (43% of slag). \textcopyright 2016 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.
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Md Jihad Miah, Francesco Lo Monte, Roberto Felicetti, Hélène Carré, Pierre Pimienta, et al.. Fire Spalling Behaviour of Concrete: Role of Mechanical Loading (Uniaxial and Biaxial) and Cement Type. Key Engineering Materials, Trans Tech Publications, 2016, 711, pp.549-555. ⟨10.4028/⟩. ⟨hal-02153449⟩



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