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Journal Articles Biomacromolecules Year : 2019

Renewable Terpene Derivative as a Biosourced Elastomeric Building Block in the Design of Functional Acrylic Copolymers

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Abstract

In order to move away from traditional petrochemical-based polymer materials, it is imperative that new monomer systems be sought out based on renewable resources. In this work, the synthesis of a functional terpene-containing acrylate monomer (tetrahydrogeraniol acrylate, THGA) is reported. This monomer was polymerized in toluene and bulk via free-radical polymerizations, achieving high conversion and molecular weights up to 278 kg·mol–1. The synthesized poly(THGA) shows a relatively low Tg (−46 °C), making it useful as a replacement for low Tg acrylic monomers, such as the widely used n-butyl acrylate. RAFT polymerization in toluene ([M]0 = 3.6 mol·L–1) allowed for the well-controlled polymerization of THGA with degrees of polymerization (DPn) from 25 to 500, achieving narrow molecular weight distributions (D̵ ≈ 1.2) even up to high conversions. At lower monomer concentrations ([M]0 = 1.8 mol·L–1), some evidence of intramolecular chain transfer to polymer was seen by the detection of branching (arising from propagation of midchain radicals) and terminal double bonds (arising from β-scission of midchain radicals). Poly(THGA) was subsequently utilized for the synthesis of poly(THGA)-b-poly(styrene)-b-poly(THGA) and poly(styrene)-b-poly(THGA)-b-poly(styrene) triblock copolymers, demonstrating its potential as a component of thermoplastic elastomers. The phase separation and mechanical properties of the resulting triblock copolymer were studied by atomic force microscopy and rheology.
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hal-02152501 , version 1 (11-06-2019)

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Sayrung Noppalit, Alexandre Simula, Nicholas Ballard, Xavier Callies, José Maria Asua, et al.. Renewable Terpene Derivative as a Biosourced Elastomeric Building Block in the Design of Functional Acrylic Copolymers. Biomacromolecules, 2019, 20 (6), pp.2241-2251. ⟨10.1021/acs.biomac.9b00185⟩. ⟨hal-02152501⟩
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