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PCM Addition inside Solar Water Heaters: Numerical Comparative Approach

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to highlight the design of solar storage tank integrating PCM modules for solar hot water production. The objective is to simulate working cycle of solar thermal energy storage systems with encapsulated PCM operating under realistic environmental conditions (Marrakech, Morocco) and typical consumption load profile. Thus, two numerical codes were built to predict the temperature evolution in a storage tank simulation filled by PCM. This research aims to compare two numerical procedures: the technique of apparent specific heat capacity () and the Enthalpy method, basically used to simulate the phase change phenomena for latent storage inside a solar tank integrating spherical PCM capsules. Effects, advantages and limits of these numerical methods were examined via various numerical observations as well as a set of system thermal performance indicators. The assumptions, equations used in numerical modeling, the temperature profiles and the PCM liquid fraction evolution are presented and discussed as well. It was found that the time required for a complete melting inside the storage tank for the considered PCMs is 2.5 h and the increase in PCM amount decreases the melting velocity and enhance the heat losses to surrounding in dynamic mode. Results also show that the choice of a numerical method plays an important role in describing efficiently the phase change phenomena and system thermal performance. Based on the design and parameter studies performed, other suggestions and several numerical model improvements for further studies are as well addressed.
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Contributor : Julien Rabaud <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 3, 2019 - 3:46:55 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 2, 2021 - 2:40:02 PM



T. Bouhal, T. El Rhafiki, Tarik Kousksou, A. Jamil, Youssef Zeraouli. PCM Addition inside Solar Water Heaters: Numerical Comparative Approach. Journal of Energy Storage, Elsevier, 2018, 19, pp.232-246. ⟨10.1016/j.est.2018.08.005⟩. ⟨hal-02146079⟩



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