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Long-Term Programming Effect of Embryonic Hypoxia Exposure and High-Carbohydrate Diet at First Feeding on Glucose Metabolism in Juvenile Rainbow Trout

Abstract : Environmental conditions experienced during early life play an important role in the long-term metabolic status of individuals. The present study investigated whether hypoxia exposure [for 24 h: 2.5 mg O2 l−1 (20% dissolved O2)] during the embryonic stage alone (hypoxic history) or combined with a 5-day high-carbohydrate (60%) diet stimulus at first feeding (HC dietary history) can affect glucose metabolism later in life, i.e. in juvenile fish. After 19 weeks of growth, we observed a decrease in final body mass in fish with an HC dietary history. Feed efficiency was significantly affected by both hypoxic and HC dietary histories. After a short challenge test (5 days) performed with a 30% carbohydrate diet in juvenile trout, our results also showed that, in trout that experienced hypoxic history, mRNA levels of gluconeogenic genes in liver and glucose transport genes in both liver and muscle were significantly increased at the juvenile stage. Besides, mRNA levels of glycolytic genes were decreased in fish with an HC dietary history. Both hypoxic and dietary histories barely affected plasma metabolites or global epigenetic modifications in juvenile fish after the challenge test. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that an acute hypoxic stimulus during early development alone or combined with a hyperglucidic stimulus at first feeding can modify growth performance and glucose metabolism at the molecular level in juvenile trout
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https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02139721
Contributor : Gaelle Chancerel-Lannuzel <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 25, 2019 - 11:02:56 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 4:03:27 AM

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Jingwei Liu, Karine Dias, Vincent Véron, Stephane Panserat, Lucie Marandel. Long-Term Programming Effect of Embryonic Hypoxia Exposure and High-Carbohydrate Diet at First Feeding on Glucose Metabolism in Juvenile Rainbow Trout. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 2017, 220 (20), pp.3686-3694. ⟨10.1242/jeb.161406⟩. ⟨hal-02139721⟩

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