Microbial activity and biodiversity responding to contamination of metal(loid) in heterogeneous nonferrous mining and smelting areas

Abstract : The combined contamination of nonferrous metal(loid) mining and smelting areas is a global issue, in need of urgent management. To our knowledge, this is the first report of microbial activities by microcalorimetry in specific nonferrous metal(loid) tailings with oligonutrition and high contents of toxic metal(loid)s. Dynamics of bacterial diversity were also characterized. Here we show that tailings had low microbial activities (Pmax = 64.1–331 μW g−1), which were accelerated by the presence of dipotassium phosphate (Pmax = 346–856 μW g−1), as measured by microcalorimetry. Frequent detection of S- and metal-resistant related genera and differences of Thiobacillus and Acidithiobacillus abundances indicated that the tailings were in an early stage of acidification. It has been further confirmed by the presence of a weak acid environment and secondary sulfur associated minerals, such as Sb2S3, FeAsS, FeS2, and CuFeS2. During the acidification process, phosphate, metal(loid)s, and microbial activity were correlated to the bacterial communities. It is suggested that the bacterial communities have metabolic capacities with a high potential for the use in management processes of multi-contaminated nonferrous metalliferous tailings.
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02094988
Contributor : Sylvie Blanc <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 10, 2019 - 10:22:03 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 12, 2019 - 1:21:17 AM

Identifiers

Citation

Jian-Li Liu, Jun Yao, Chao Lu, Hao Li, Zi-Fu Li, et al.. Microbial activity and biodiversity responding to contamination of metal(loid) in heterogeneous nonferrous mining and smelting areas. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2019, 226, pp.659-667. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.03.051⟩. ⟨hal-02094988⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

21