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The bacterial diversity on steam vents from Paricutín and Sapichu volcanoes

Abstract : Vapor steam vents are prevailing structures on geothermal sites in which local geochemical conditions allow the development of extremophilic microorganisms. We describe the structure of the prokaryotic community able to grow on the walls and rocks of such microecosystems in two terrestrial Mexican volcanoes: Paricutín (PI and PII samples) and its satellite Sapichu (S sample). The investigated samples showed similar diversity indices, with few dominant OTUs (abundance > 1%): 21, 16 and 23, respectively for PI, PII and S. However, each steam vent showed a particular community profile: PI was dominated by photosynthetic bacteria (Cyanobacteria and Chloroflexia class), PII by Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria, and S by Ktedonobacteria class, Acidobacteria and Cyanobacteria phyla. Concerning the predicted metabolic potential, we found a dominance of cellular pathways, especially the ones for energy generation with metabolisms for sulfur respiration, nitrogen fixation, methanogenesis, carbon fixation, photosynthesis, and metals, among others. We suggest a different maturity stage for the three studied fumaroles, from the youngest (PI) to the oldest (S and PII), also influenced by the temperature and other geochemical parameters. Furthermore, four anaerobic strains were isolated, belonging to Clostridia class (Clostridium sphenoides, C. swellfunanium and Anaerocolumna cellulosilytica) and to Bacilli class (Paenibacillus azoreducens).
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https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02094923
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 10, 2019 - 10:03:04 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 22, 2020 - 3:51:39 AM

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Elcia Margareth Souza Brito, Víctor Manuel Romero-Núñez, César Augusto Caretta, Pierre Bertin, Julio César Valerdi-Negreros, et al.. The bacterial diversity on steam vents from Paricutín and Sapichu volcanoes. Extremophiles, Springer Verlag, 2019, 23 (2), pp.249-263. ⟨10.1007/s00792-019-01078-8⟩. ⟨hal-02094923⟩

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