S. Abiteboul, P. Buneman, and D. Suciu, Data on the Web: From Relations to Semistructured Data and XML, Journal of Web Semantics, p.258, 1999.

E. Agirre, D. Martinez, O. Lopez-de-lacalle, and A. Soroa, Two Graph-based Algorithms for State of the art Word Sense Disambiguation, Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pp.585-593, 2006.

B. Aleman-meza, M. Nagarajan, L. Ding, A. P. Sheth, I. B. Arpinar et al., Scalable Semantic Analytics on Social Networks for Addressing the Problem of Conflict of Interest Detection, ACM Transaction on the Web (TWeb), vol.2, issue.1, p.7, 2008.

A. Algergawy, M. Mesiti, R. Nayak, and G. Saake, XML Data Clustering: An Overview, ACM Computing Survey, vol.43, issue.4, p.25, 2011.

E. Amitay, R. Nelken, W. Niblack, R. Sivan, and A. Soffer, Multi-Resolution Disambiguation of Term Occurrences, Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM), pp.255-262, 2003.

J. Artiles, A. Penas, and F. Verdejo, Word Sense Disambiguation based on Term to Term Similarity in a Context Space, Senseval-3: Third International Workshop on the Evaluation of Systems, pp.58-63, 2004.

S. Banerjee and T. Pedersen, An adapted Lesk algorithm for word sense disambiguation using WordNet, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics, 2002.

S. Banerjee and T. Pedersen, Extended Gloss Overlaps as a Measure of Semantic Relatedness, International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI'03), pp.805-810, 2003.

B. Berendt, A. Hotho, and G. Stumme, Bridging the Gap -Data Mining and Social Network Analysis for Integrating Semantic Web and Web 2.0, Journal of Web Semantics, vol.8, issue.2-3, pp.95-96, 2010.

T. Berners-lee, J. Hendler, and O. Lassila, The Semantic Web, Scientific American, vol.284, issue.5, p.19, 2001.

E. Bertino, G. Guerrini, and M. Mesiti, Measuring the structural similarity among XML documents and DTDs, Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, vol.30, issue.1, pp.55-92, 2008.

E. Bertino, G. Guerrini, and M. Mesiti, A Matching Algorithm for Measuring the Structural Similarity between an XML Documents and a DTD and its Applications, pp.23-46, 2004.

P. A. Boncz, T. Grust, M. Van-keulen, S. Manegold, J. Rittinger et al., MonetDB/XQuery: a fast XQuery processor powered by a relational engine, International ACM SIGMOD Conference, pp.479-490, 2006.

A. Budanitsky and G. Hirst, Evaluating WordNet-based Measures of Lexical Semantic Relatedness. Computational Linguistics, vol.32, pp.13-47, 2006.

J. Cardoso and C. Bussler, Mapping between heterogeneous XML and OWL transaction representations in B2B integration, Journal of Data & Knowledge Engineering, vol.70, issue.12, pp.1046-1069, 2011.

C. D. Efraty, N. Landau, G. M. Maarek, Y. S. , and Y. Mass, An Extension of the Vector Space Model for Querying XML Documents via XML Fragments, Proceedings of the ACM SIGIR Workshop on XML and Information Retrieval, pp.14-25, 2002.

Y. S. Chan, H. T. Ng, and Z. Zhong, NUS-PT: Exploiting parallel texts for word sense disambiguation in the English all-words tasks, Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluations, pp.253-256, 2007.

N. Charbel, J. Tekli, R. Chbeir, and G. Tekli, Resolving XML Semantic Ambiguity. International Conference on Extending Database Technology (EDBT'15), pp.277-288, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01909107

R. Chbeir, Y. Luo, J. Tekli, K. Yetongnon, C. R. Ibanez et al., SemIndex: Semantic-Aware Inverted Index. 18th EastEuropean Conference on Advanced Databases and Information Systems (ADBIS'14), pp.290-307, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01909108

R. Chinnici, J. J. Moreau, A. Ryman, and S. Weerawarana, Web Services Description Language (WSDL) Version 2.0 Part 1: Core Language, W3C Recommendation, p.25, 2007.

P. Cimiano, S. Handschuh, and S. Staab, Towards the Self-Annotating Web, Proceedings of the International World Wide Web Conference (WWW'04), pp.462-471, 2004.

M. Aquin, E. Motta, M. Sabou, S. Angeletou, L. Gridinoc et al., Toward a New Generation of Semantic Web Applications, IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol.23, issue.3, pp.20-28, 2008.

B. Dandala, C. Hokamp, R. Mihalcea, and R. C. Bunescu, Sense Clustering using Wikipedia. Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP'13), pp.164-171, 2013.

H. Do and E. Rahm, Matching Large Schemas: Approaches and Evaluation. Information Systems, vol.32, pp.857-885, 2007.

A. Doan, P. Domingos, and A. Halevy, Learning to Match the Schemas of Data Sources: A Multistrategy Approach, Machine Learning, vol.50, pp.279-301, 2003.

F. Duchateau, Z. Bellahsene, E. Hunt, and M. R. Roantree, An Indexing Structure for Automatic Schema Matching, The 23rd International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE) -Workshops, pp.485-491, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/lirmm-00138117

O. Egozi, S. Markovitch, and G. E. , Concept-Based Information Retrieval Using Explicit Semantic Analysis, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, vol.29, issue.2, p.8, 2011.

C. Fellbaum, Wordnet: An Electronic Lexical Database, vol.422, 1998.

W. N. Francis and H. Kucera, Frequency Analysis of English Usage, 1982.

G. Furnas, T. K. Landauer, L. M. Gomez, and S. Dumais, The vocabulary problem in human-system communication, Communications of the ACM, vol.30, issue.11, pp.964-971, 1987.

P. Ganesan, H. Garcia-molina, and J. Windom, Exploiting Hierarchical Domain Structure To Compute Similarity, ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS), vol.21, issue.1, pp.64-93, 2003.

R. Garcia-castro and A. Gomez-perez, Interoperability Results for Semantic Web Technologies using OWL as the Interchange Language, Journal of Web Semantics (JWS), vol.8, issue.4, pp.278-291, 2010.

J. Graupmann, R. Schenkel, and G. Weikum, The SphereSearch Engine for Unified Ranked Retrieval of Heterogeneous XML and Web Documents, Proceedings of the International Conference on Very Large Databases (VLDB), pp.529-540, 2005.

Y. Guo, W. Che, Y. Hu, W. Zhang, T. Liu et al., , 2007.

B. Hachey, W. Radford, J. Nothman, M. Honnibal, and J. R. Curran, Evaluating Entity Linking with Wikipedia, Artificial Intelligence, vol.194, pp.130-150, 2013.

T. Heath and C. Bizer, Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space, Synthesis Lectures on the Semantic Web: Theory and Technology, 2011.

J. Hoffart, F. M. Suchanek, K. Berberich, and G. Weikum, YAGO2: A spatially and temporally enhanced knowledge base from Wikipedia, Artif. Intell, vol.194, pp.28-61, 2013.

J. Hopfield and D. Tank, Neural Computation of Decisions in Optimization Problems, Biological Cybernetics, vol.52, issue.3, pp.52-141, 1985.

E. H. Hovy, R. Navigli, and S. P. Ponzetto, Collaboratively built semistructured content and Artificial Intelligence: The story so far. Artificial Intelligence, vol.194, pp.2-27, 2013.

N. Ide and J. Veronis, Introduction to the Special Issue on Word Sense Disambiguation: The State of the Art, Computational Linguistics, vol.24, issue.1, pp.1-40, 1998.

J. Jiang and D. Conrath, Semantic Similarity based on Corpus Statistics and Lexical Taxonomy, Proceedings of the International Conference on Research in Computational Linguistics, pp.19-33, 1997.

I. Klapaftis and S. Manandhar, Evaluating Word Sense Induction and Disamiguation Methods. Language Resourses and Evaluation, vol.47, pp.579-605, 2013.

R. Krovetz and W. B. Croft, Lexical Ambiguity and Information Retrieval, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, vol.10, issue.2, pp.115-141, 1992.

F. Lampathaki, S. Mouzakitis, G. Gionis, Y. Charalabidis, and A. D. , Business to business interoperability: A current review of XML data integration standards, Computer Standards & Interfaces, vol.31, issue.6, pp.1045-1055, 2009.

C. Leacock and M. Chodorow, Combining Local Context and WordNet Similarity for Word Sense Identification, WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, pp.265-283, 1998.

F. Lecue and N. Mehandjiev, Seeking Quality of Web Service Composition in a Semantic Dimension, IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, pp.942-959, 2011.

J. Lee, M. Kim, and Y. Lee, Information Retrieval Based on Conceptual Distance in IS-A Hierarchies, Journal of Documentation, vol.49, issue.2, pp.188-207, 1993.

E. Leonardi, T. T. Hoai, S. S. Bhowmick, S. Madria, and . Dtd-diff, A Change Detection Algorithm for DTDs, Proceedings of the Database Systems for Advanced Applications conference (DASFAA), pp.384-402, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.datak.2006.06.003

M. Lesk, Automatic Sense Disambiguation using Machine Readable Dictionaries: How to tell a Pine Cone from an Ice Cream Cone, Proceedings of the 5th Annual Inter. Conference on Systems Documentation (SIGDOC'86), 1986.
DOI : 10.1145/318723.318728

D. Lin, An Information-Theoretic Definition of Similarity, Proceedings of the International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML), pp.296-304, 1998.

J. Lu, An Introduction to XML Query Processing and Keyword Search, p.292, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-34555-5

R. Luk, H. V. Leong, T. Dillon, A. Chan, W. B. Croft et al., A Survey in Indexing and Searching XML Documents, Journal of American Society for Information Science and Technology, vol.53, issue.6, pp.415-437, 2002.
DOI : 10.1002/asi.10056

R. Macmanus, How Best Buy is using The Semantic Web. The New York Times, 2010.

A. Maguitman, F. Menczer, H. Roinestad, and A. Vespignani, Algorithmic Detection of Semantic Similarity, Proceedings of the International Conference on the World Wide Web, pp.107-116, 2005.
DOI : 10.1145/1060745.1060765

S. Malaika and M. Nicola, Data normalization reconsidered: An examination of record keeping in computer systems. Developer Works, IBM Corporation, p.32, 2010.

A. Malki, M. Barhamgi, S. M. Benslimane, D. Benslimane, and M. Malki, Composing Data Services with Uncertain Semantics, IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, pp.936-949, 2015.
DOI : 10.1109/tkde.2014.2359661

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01205149

F. Mandreoli and R. Martoglia, Knowledge-based sense disambiguation (almost) for all structures, Information Systems, vol.36, issue.2, pp.406-430, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.is.2010.08.004

F. Mandreoli, R. Martoglia, and R. E. , Versatile Structural Disambiguation for Semantic-Aware Applications, Proceedings of the ACM International Conf. on Information and Knowledge Management, pp.209-216, 2005.
DOI : 10.1145/1099554.1099593

F. Manola and E. Miller, Resource Description Framework (RDF) Primer : Model and Syntax Specification. W3C Recommendation, 2004.

A. Marie and A. Gal, Boosting Schema Matchers, Proceedings of the OTM 2008 Confederated International Conferences, pp.283-300, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-88871-0_20

URL : http://iew3.technion.ac.il/%7Eavigal/slv.pdf

L. Marquez, G. Escudero, D. Martinez, and G. Rigau, Supervised corpus-based methods for WSD, Word Sense Disambiguation: Algorithms and Applications, pp.167-216, 2006.

M. Mcgill, Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval, 1983.

D. L. Mcguinness and F. Van-harmelen, OWL 2 Web -Ontology Language Document Overview. W3C Proposed Edited Recommendation, 2012.

R. Mihalcea, Knowledge-based Methods for WSD, Word Sense Disambiguation: Algorithms and Applications, E. Agirre and, pp.107-131, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4020-4809-8_5

G. A. Miller, C. Leacock, R. Tengi, and R. T. Bunker, A Semantic Concordance, Proceedings of the ARPA Workshop on Human Language Technology, pp.303-308, 1993.
DOI : 10.3115/1075671.1075742

URL : http://dl.acm.org/ft_gateway.cfm?id=1075742&type=pdf

M. M. Yefei, P. Michael, and S. , A Harmony Based Adaptive Ontology Mapping Approach, Proceedings of the International Conference on Semantic Web and Web Services (SWWS'08), pp.336-342, 2008.

R. Navigli, Word Sense Disambiguation: a Survey, ACM Computing Surveys, vol.41, issue.2, pp.1-69, 2009.

R. Navigli and P. Velardi, An Analysis of Ontology-based Query Expansion Strategies, proceedings of the International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI'03), pp.42-49, 2003.

A. Nierman and H. V. Jagadish, Evaluating structural similarity in XML documents, Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD International Workshop on the Web and Databases (WebDB), pp.61-66, 2002.

S. Patwardhan, S. Banerjee, and T. Pedersen, Using Measures of Semantic Relatedness for Word Sense Disambiguation, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics (CICLing'03), pp.241-257, 2003.

S. Patwardhan, S. Banerjee, and T. Pedersen, SenseRelate:TargetWord -A Generalized Framework forWord Sense Disambiguation, Proceedings of the 20th National conference on Artificial intelligence, vol.4, pp.1692-1693, 2005.

M. Pennacchiotti and P. Pantel, Ontologizing semantic relations, Proceedings of the 44th Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) Conf. joint with the 21th Conf. on Computational Linguistics (COLING), pp.793-800, 2006.

I. Peters and . Folksonomies, Indexing and Retrieval in Web 2.0. De Gruyter, p.443, 2009.

J. Pokorny and V. Rejlek, Selected Papers from the Sixth International Baltic Conference DB&IS´2004, V. 118 Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, pp.53-64, 2005.

S. Pradhan, E. Loper, D. Dligach, and M. Palmer, Semeval-2007 task-17: English lexical sample, SRL and all words, Proceedings of the 4th InternationalWorkshop on Semantic Evaluations, pp.87-92, 2007.

W. Renteria-agualimpia, F. J. López-pellicer, P. R. Muro-medrano, J. Noguerasiso, and F. J. Zarazaga-soria, Exploring the advances in semantic search engines, International Symposium on Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, vol.79, pp.613-620, 2010.

P. Resnik, Disambiguating Noun Groupings with Respect to WordNet Senses, Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Large Corpora, pp.54-68, 1995.

L. Richardson and S. Ruby, RESTful Web Services. O'Reilly Media, Inc, p.454, 2008.

R. Richardson and A. Smeaton, Using WordNet in a Knowledge-based approach to information retrieval, Proceedings of the BCS-IRSG Colloquium on Information Retrieval, 1995.

L. I. Rusu, J. W. Rahayu, and T. D. , Storage Techniques for Multiversioned XML Documents. Database Systems for Advanced Applications (DASFAA'08), pp.538-545, 2008.

P. Saari and T. Eerola, Semantic Computing of Moods Based on Tags in Social Media of Music, IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, pp.2548-2560, 2014.

A. Sahai and V. Machiraju, Enabling fo the Ubiquitous e-services Vision on the Internet Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, 2001.

I. Sanz, M. Mesiti, G. Guerrini, R. Berlanga-la, B. Lavori et al., Approximate Subtree Identification in Heterogeneous XML Documents Collections. XML Symposium, pp.192-206, 2005.

K. Saruladha, G. Aghila, and R. S. , A Survey of Semantic Similarity Methods for Ontology Based Information Retrieval, Proceedings of the International Conf. on Machine Learning and Computing (ICMLC'10), pp.297-301, 2010.

K. Schoefeggera, T. Tammetb, and G. M. , A survey on socio-semantic information retrieval, Computer Science Review, vol.8, pp.25-46, 2013.

P. Shvaiko and J. Euzenat, A Survey of Schema-Based Matching Approaches, Journal of Data Semantics IV, pp.146-171, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00922287

A. K. Singh and R. C. Joshi, Semantic Tagging and Classification of Blogs. International Conference on Computer and Communication Technology (ICCCT), pp.455-459, 2010.

I. Stanoi, G. Mihaila, and S. Padmanabhan, A framework for the selective dissemination of XML documents based on inferred user profiles, Proceedings of the International Conference on Data Engineering, pp.531-542, 2003.

S. Staworko and J. Chomicky, Validity-Sensitive Querying of XML Databases, Current Trends in Database Technology -EDBT 2006, DataX'06, 2006. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol.4254, pp.164-181, 2006.

H. Su, S. Padmanabhan, and M. L. Lo, Identification of Syntactically Similar DTD Elements for Schema Matching, Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Web-Age Information Management (WAIM), pp.145-159, 2001.

F. G. Taddesse, J. Tekli, R. Chbeir, M. Viviani, and Y. K. , Semanticbased Merging of RSS Items, World Wide Web Journal: Internet and Web Information Systems Journal Special Issue: Human-Centered Web Science, vol.12, issue.11280, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01093304

A. Tagarelli and S. Greco, Semantic Clustering of XML Documents, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, vol.28, issue.1, p.3, 2010.

A. Tagarelli, M. Longo, and S. Greco, Word Sense Disambiguation for XML Structure Feature Generation, Proceedings of the European Semantic Web Conference, vol.5554, pp.143-157, 2009.

A. Tagarelli and S. Greco, Semantic Clustering of XML Documents, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, vol.28, issue.1, p.3, 2010.

A. Tagarelli, M. Longo, and S. Greco, Word Sense Disambiguation for XML Structure Feature Generation, Proceedings of the European Semantic Web Conference, vol.5554, pp.143-157, 2009.

K. Taha and R. Elmasri, OOXKSearch: A Search Engine for Answering XML Keyword and Loosely Structured Queries Using OO Techniques, J. Database Manag, vol.20, issue.3, pp.18-50, 2009.

K. Taha and R. Elmasri, CXLEngine: A Comprehensive XML Loosely Structured Search Engine, Proceedings of the EDBT workshop on Database Technologies for Handling XML Information on the Web (DataX'08), pp.37-42, 2008.

K. Taha and R. Elmasri, XCDSearch: An XML Context-Driven Search Engine, IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol.22, issue.12, pp.1781-1796, 2010.

J. Tekli, J. M. Agma, C. Traina, and C. R. Traina, XML DocumentGrammar Comparison: Related Problems and Applications, Central European Journal of Computer Science, vol.1, issue.1, pp.117-136, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00650573

J. Tekli, A. Abou-rjeily, R. Chbeir, G. Tekli, P. Houngue et al., Semantic to intelligent web era: building blocks, applications, and current trends, International Conference on Managment of Emergent Digital EcoSystems (MEDES), pp.159-168, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01092504

J. Tekli, R. Chbeir, and Y. K. , A Novel XML Structure Comparison Framework based on Sub-tree Commonalities and Label Semantics, Elsevier Journal of Web Semantics (JWS): Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web, vol.11, pp.14-40, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01092512

J. Tekli, R. Chbeir, and Y. K. , An Overview of XML Similarity: Background, Current Trends and Future Directions, Computer Science Review, vol.3, issue.3, pp.151-173, 2009.

J. Tekli, R. Chbeir, and Y. K. , Minimizing User Effort in XML Grammar Matching, Elsevier Information Sciences Journal, vol.210, pp.1-40, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01092508

J. Tekli, E. Damiani, and C. R. , Using XML-based Multicasting to Improve Web Service Scalability, International Journal on Web Services Research (IJWSR), vol.9, issue.1, pp.1-29, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01092510

J. Tekli, E. Damiani, R. Chbeir, and G. G. , SOAP Processing Performance and Enhancement, IEEE Transactions on Services Computing, vol.5, issue.3, pp.387-403, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01092511

T. M. Schenkel, R. Weikum, and G. , Exploiting Structure, Annotation, and Ontological Knowledge for Automatic Classification of XML Data, Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD International Workshop on Databases, pp.1-6, 2003.

S. Tratz, A. Sanfilippo, M. Gregory, A. Chappel, C. Posse et al., PNNL: A supervised maximum entropy approach to word sense disambiguation, Proceedings of the 4th InternationalWorkshop on Semantic Evaluations, pp.264-267, 2007.

P. Velardi, S. Faralli, and N. R. , OntoLearn Reloaded: A Graph-Based Algorithm for Taxonomy Induction. Computational Linguistics, vol.39, pp.665-707, 2013.

R. Verma and A. Srivastava, A Novel Web Service Directory Framework for Mobile Environments, IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS'14), pp.614-621, 2014.

J. Veronis, Hyperlex: Lexical cartography for information retrieval, Comput. Speech Lang, vol.18, issue.3, pp.223-252, 2004.

. W3-consortium, The Document Object Model, p.28, 2005.

H. Wang and X. Meng, On the sequencing of tree structures for XML indexing, Proceedings of the International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE'05), pp.372-383, 2005.

, Word Wide Web Consortium. SOAP Version 1.2. W3C Recommendation, 2007.

Z. Wu and M. Palmer, Verb Semantics and Lexical Selection, Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Associations of Computational Linguistics, pp.133-138, 1994.

X. Xia, X. Wang, and X. Zhou, Evolving Recommender System for Mobile Apps: A Diversity Measurement Approach, Smart Computing Review, issue.3, pp.139-154, 2013.

Y. Xiang, Z. Deng, H. Yu, S. Wang, and N. Gao, A New Indexing Strategy for XML Keyword Search, Seventh International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery (FSKD 2010), 2010.

D. Yaworsky, Word-Sense Disambiguation Using Statistical Models of Roget's Categories Trained on Large Corpora, Proceedings of the Inter. Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING), 1992, vol.2, pp.454-460

X. Zhang, L. Jing, X. Hu, M. Ng, and X. Zhou, A Comparative Study of Ontology Based Term Similarity Measures on PubMed Document Clustering, Proceedings of the International Conference on Database Systems for Advanced Applications (DASFAA' 07), pp.115-126, 2007.

Z. Zhang, R. Li, S. Cao, Z. Y. Cnrs, ;. France et al., She's currently working in the T2i team of the LIUPPA laboratory (France), in collaboration with Nobatek, a private technology center, applying research to innovative services in the fields of sustainable development and construction. She holds a Master's degree (M2) in Database and Artificial Intelligence from the University of Bourgogne (France) and a Master's degree in Telecommunications and, Similarity Metric in XML Documents. Knowledge Management and Experience Management Workshop, 2003. Joe Tekli is an Assistant Professor in the ECE Department, 2009.

, He is currently a Full Professor in the Computer Science Department in IUT de Bayonne in Anglet, France. His current research interests are in the areas of multimedia information retrieval, XML and RSS Similarity, access control models, and digital ecosystems, France in 2001 and then his Habilitation degree in 2010 from the University of