R. H. Adams, The economic uses and impact of international remittances in rural Egypt. Economic Development and Cultural Change, pp.695-722, 1991.

R. H. Adams, Remittances, Investment and Rural Asset Accumulation in Pakistan, Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol.47, pp.155-73, 1998.

R. H. Adams and A. Cuecuecha, The economic impact of international remittances on poverty and household consumption and investment in Indonesia, 2010.

R. H. Adams and A. Cuecuecha, Remittances, household expenditure and investment in Guatemala, World Development, vol.38, issue.11, pp.1626-1641, 2010.

J. Ahmed and M. Y. Mughal, How do remittances affect household consumption patterns, 2015.

C. Amuedo-dorantes and S. Pozo, New evidence on the role of remittances on healthcare expenditures by Mexican households, Review of Economics of the Household, vol.9, issue.1, pp.69-98, 2011.

C. Amuedo-dorantes and S. Pozo, When do remittances facilitate asset accumulation? The importance of remittance income uncertainty, 2014.

A. Ando and F. Modigliani, Tests of the life cycle hypothesis of saving: comments and suggestions, Bulletin of the Oxford Institute of Statistics, vol.19, issue.2, pp.99-124, 1957.

L. Andersson, United Nations University-Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT), 2014.

A. Bryson and R. Dorsett, The use of propensity score matching in the evaluation of active labour market policies, 1948.

S. O. Becker and A. Ichino, Estimation of average treatment effects based on propensity scores, The stata journal, vol.2, issue.4, pp.358-377, 2002.

M. Caliendo and S. Kopeinig, Some practical guidance for the implementation of propensity score matching, Journal of economic surveys, vol.22, issue.1, pp.31-72, 2008.

R. Chami, C. Fullenkamp, and S. Jahjah, Are Immigrant Remittance Flows a Source of Capital for Development?, IMF Staff Papers, vol.52, issue.1, 2005.

V. Chiodi, E. Jaimovich, and G. Montes-rojas, Migration, remittances and capital accumulation: Evidence from rural Mexico, Journal of Development Studies, vol.48, issue.8, pp.1139-1155, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00813389

M. Clément, Remittances and household expenditure patterns in Tajikistan: A propensity score matching analysis, Asian Development Review, vol.28, issue.2, 2011.

C. Dustmann and O. Kirchkamp, The optimal migration duration and activity choice after re-migration, Journal of Development Economics, vol.67, issue.2, pp.351-372, 2002.

A. Findlay and M. Samha, Return migration and urban change: a Jordanian case study, Return Migration and Regional Economic Problems, 1986.

M. Friedman, A theory of the consumption function, 1957.

O. Galor and O. Stark, The probability of return migration, migrants' work effort, and migrants' performance, Journal of Development Economics, vol.35, issue.2, pp.399-405, 1991.

O. Galor and O. Stark, Migrants' savings, the probability of return migration and migrants' performance, International Economic Review, pp.463-467, 1990.

F. Garip, The impact of migration and remittances on wealth accumulation and distribution in rural Thailand, Demography, vol.51, issue.2, pp.673-698, 2014.

M. Gangl, RBOUNDS: Stata module to perform Rosenbaum sensitivity analysis for average treatment effects on the treated, 2004.

J. Hainmueller, Entropy Balancing: A multivariate reweighting method to produce balanced samples in observational studies, Political Analysis, vol.20, issue.1, pp.25-46, 2012.

J. Hainmueller and Y. Xu, Ebalance: A Stata package for entropy balancing, Journal of Statistical Software, vol.54, issue.7, 2013.

J. Heckman, H. Ichimura, and P. Todd, Matching as an econometric evaluation estimator, Review of Economic Studies, vol.65, issue.2, pp.261-294, 1997.

P. Holland, Statistics and Causal Inference, Journal of the American Statistical Association, vol.81, issue.396, pp.945-960, 1986.

S. Kolenikov and G. Angeles, Socioeconomic status measurement with discrete proxy variables: Is principal component analysis a reliable answer, Review of Income and Wealth, vol.55, issue.1, pp.128-165, 2009.

S. Kolenikov and G. Ángeles, The use of discrete data in PCA: theory, simulations, and applications to socioeconomic indices. Chapel Hill: Carolina Population Center, 2004.

A. Lefebvre, Kinship, honour and money in rural Pakistan: subsistence economy and the effects of international migration. Monograph series/Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, p.78, 1999.

H. Leland and E. , Saving and Uncertainty: The Precautionary Demand for Saving, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.82, pp.465-73, 1968.

E. Leuven and B. Sianesi, PSMATCH2: Stata module to perform full Mahalanobis and propensity score matching, common support graphing, and covariate imbalance testing, 2012.

C. O. Moser, The asset vulnerability framework: reassessing urban poverty reduction strategies, World development, vol.26, issue.1, pp.1-19, 1998.

B. Nicholson, From migrant to micro-entrepreneur: Do-it-yourself development in albania, vol.4, pp.39-41, 2001.

U. O. Osili, Migrants and housing investments: Theory and evidence from nigeria, Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol.52, issue.4, pp.821-849, 2004.

A. Pagan and A. Ullah, Nonparametric econometrics, 1999.

. K. Prabel and D. Ratha, Impact of remittances on household income, asset and human capital: evidence from Sri Lanka, Migration and Development, vol.1, issue.1, pp.163-179, 2012.

A. Quisumbing and S. Mcniven, Moving forward, looking back: The impact of migration and remittances on assets, consumption, and credit constraints in the rural Philippines, The Journal of Development Studies, vol.46, issue.1, pp.91-113, 2010.

P. R. Rosenbaum and D. B. Rubin, The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects, Biometrika, vol.70, issue.1, pp.41-55, 1983.

B. Sianesi, An Evaluation of the Active Labour Market Programmes in Sweden, The Review of Economics and Statistics, vol.86, issue.1, pp.133-155, 2004.

J. E. Taylor, Remittances and inequality reconsidered: Direct, indirect, and intertemporal effects, Journal of Policy modeling, vol.14, issue.2, pp.187-208, 1992.

E. J. Taylor, The new economics of labour migration and the role of remittances in the migration process, International migration, vol.37, issue.1, pp.63-88, 1999.

J. E. Taylor and J. Mora, Does migration reshape expenditures in rural households?: evidence from Mexico, vol.3842, 2006.

F. Watkins, Save there, eat here: Migrants, households and community identity among Pakhtuns in northern Pakistan, Contributions to Indian Sociology, vol.37, issue.1-2, pp.59-81, 2003.

W. Bank, World Development Indicators. Online Database, 2012.

C. Woodruff and R. Zenteno, Remittances and microenterprises in Mexico, working paper, 2004.