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Aluminum particles generated during millisecond electric pulse application enhance adenovirus-mediated gene transfer in L929 cells

Abstract : Gene electrotransfer is an attractive method of non-viral gene delivery. However, the mechanism of DNA penetration across the plasma membrane is widely discussed. To explore this process for even larger structures, like viruses, we applied various combinations of short/long and high/low-amplitude electric pulses to L929 cells, mixed with a human adenovirus vector expressing GFP. We observed a transgene expression increase, both in the number of GFP-converted cells and GFP levels, when we added a low-voltage/millisecond-pulse treatment to the adenovirus/cell mixture. This increase, reflecting enhanced virus penetration, was proportional to the applied electric field amplitude and pulse number, but was not associated with membrane permeabilization, nor to direct cell modifications. We demonstrated that this effect is mainly due to adenovirus particle interactions with aggregated aluminum particles released from energized electrodes. Indeed, after centrifugation of the pulsed viral suspension and later on addition to cells, the activity was found mainly associated with the aluminum aggregates concentrated in the lower fraction and was proportional to generated quantities. Overall, this work focused on the use of electrotransfer to facilitate the adenovirus entry into cell, demonstrating that modifications of the penetrating agent can be more important than modifications of the target cell for transfer efficacy.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03326200
Contributor : Thierry Ragot Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 25, 2021 - 4:49:27 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 4:55:36 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03326200, version 1

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Angela Tesse, Franck André, Thierry Ragot. Aluminum particles generated during millisecond electric pulse application enhance adenovirus-mediated gene transfer in L929 cells. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, inPress, 11, pp.17725. ⟨hal-03326200⟩

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